Space

IDEAS develops integrated circuits for space based instruments and applications. The following field are covered

  • Radiation Monitoring Instruments in Space

    The natural radiation in space threatens satellites, materials, and astronauts. The radiation environment depends on mission trajectories and varies with solar activities. Space missions need instruments for radiation alert and forecast to protect sensitive parts and to achieve the mission goals. The radiation monitoring instruments must be small, light-weight and low power. IDEAS has designed integrated circuits for space radiation monitors that meet the requirements in terms of performance and budgets. The integration of functions on one monolithic die enables to further reduce the size and weight and cost. Integrated circuits from IDEAS make small and low power space radiation monitors.

    1. IDE3465 in Meier et al., Development of an ASIC for Charged Particle Counting with Silicon Radiation Detectors, Proc. IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium, 2013.
    2. Desorgher et al., The ESA Rad-Hard electron monitor (RADEM) for JUICE, EGU General Assembly, 2014, Vienna, Austria, id.13393
  • Space Based Instruments for Fundamental Physics

    Fundamental physics in space aims at understanding the formation of the universe. The study of matter and antimatter in cosmic rays, gamma-ray bursts, evidence for dark matter and dark energy. The instrumentation requirements depend on mission details, and they often mandate radiation tolerance, low power, and extreme temperatures. Integrated circuits from IDEAS are flying in low Earth orbit on the International Space Stations (ISS), in Moon orbit (CHANDRAYAAN mission), in Sun orbit (STEREO mission), on various x-ray and gamma ray missions (AGILE, ASTRO-H, FOXSI), and interplanetary missions to Jupiter (JUICE) and Mercury (BeppiColombo). IDEAS ASICs help to discover and understand the formation of the universe.

    1. VATA450 in ASTRO-H SGD by Tajima et al., Soft Gamma-ray Detector for the ASTRO-H Mission, arXiv:1010.4997v1 [astro-ph.IM] 24 Oct 2010, http://arxiv.org/pdf/1010.4997.pdf
    2. VATA451 in FOXSI by Ishikawa et al., Fine-Pitch Semiconductor Detector for the FOXSI Mission, Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 4), 2011, DOI:10.1109/TNS.2011.2154342
    3. VATA453 in Shih et al., The Gamma-Ray Imager/Polarimeter for Solar flares (GRIPS) , Proc. SPIE 8443, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2012: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 84434H (September 7, 2012); doi:10.1117/12.926450; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.926450
    4. VATA461 in ASTRO-H HXI by Watanabe et al.,  The Si/CdTe semiconductor Compton camera of the ASTRO-H Soft Gamma-ray Detector (SGD), Nucl. Instr. Meth. C Volume 765, 21 November 2014, Pages 192–201, doi:10.1016/j.nima.2014.05.127
    5. XA182 in SWIFT (suceeded by IDE4184) by Barthelmy, “Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) on the Swift MIDEX mission”, Proc. SPIE 4140, X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy XI, 50 (December 13, 2000); doi:10.1117/12.409149;
    6. IDE4184 type ASIC in ASIM aboard ISS, Cenkeramaddi et al., Low-energy CZT detector array for the ASIM mission, Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC), 2012 IEEE International, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/I2MTC.2012.6229184
    7. VA32HDR9 ASIC (succeeded by IDE1140) in AMS-1 and AMS-2 by Alcaraz et al., The alpha magnetic spectrometer silicon tracker: Performance results with protons and helium nuclei, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A, Volume 593, Issue 3 , 11 August 2008, Pages 376–398, doi:10.1016/j.nima.2008.05.015
    8. IDE3160 in DAMPE by Zhang et al., Design of a high dynamic range photomultiplier base board for the BGO ECAL of DAMPE, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A, 21 April 2015, Pages 21–26, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2015.01.036
    9. IDE4281 in Meier et al., Development of an ASIC for the Readout of CdTe Radiation Detectors in Space, Proc. IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium, 2013.
  • Space Based Imaging for Science and Earth Observation

    Future science and Earth observation missions will use large array image sensors to acquire high resolution images with a large field of view. The applications in space require high spectral sensitivity, very low noise and special environmental durability.  While science missions record a low photon flux at long exposure time and relatively slow readout speed, the Earth observation requires shorter exposure time and higher readout speed. The imaging sensors can be of various types, for example, charge coupled devices (CCD), depleted field effect transitors (DEPFET), and monolithic or hybrid CMOS image sensors. All types need  auxiliary electronics that provides regulated power, analogue and digital controls, and digitization of the image data. IDEAS has developed an integrated circuit  that interfaces to hybrid image sensors. This circuit combines the functions needed for the image sensor, that is, regulated power, analog and digital control, and high-speed digitization of the image data. IDEAS ASICs for large array image sensors support the next generation of hybrid image sensors for Science and Earth observations.

    1. NIRCA in Paahlsson et al., Preliminary validation results of an ASIC for the readout and control of near-infrared large array detectors, Proc. SPIE 9451, Infrared Technology and Applications XLI, 94512J (4 June 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2180439
    2. NIRCA in Meier et al., Development of an ASIC for the readout and control of near-infrared large array detectors, Proc. SPIE 9154, High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VI, 915421 (23 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2055839